According to the public relations office of Offshore Fisheries Research Center of Chabahar, in a joint action of Offshore Fisheries Research Center of Chabahar with Yaran Eshgh Non-Governmental Foundation, sampling was performed to analyze chemical, physical and microbial parameters of ponds water in Talang section of Dashtiari city. In addition to the physical and chemical factors of water, the microbial load of water from the respect of the presence and counting of coliforms in water and fecal coliforms is the basis for judging their drinkability from a biological point of view, and in principle the consumed water should be free of pathogenic microorganism and the study can indicate the contamination of consumptive water, which is crucial in its treatment. In the experiment, the selected ponds in 5 areas located in the south of Sistan and Baluchestan province, which are used by the residents of Shadig, Kutiru, Dak, Haji Bazaar and Shir Mohammad Bazaar villages, were bacteriologically examined and the results indicated high coliform infection in most of the ponds. Also, about the physical and chemical parameters, the total hardness, calcium, magnesium, turbidity, color and in some cases, nitrates, phosphates and nitrites was higher than the standard range of 1053 for drinking water. It should be noted that the ponds have an important capability and role in collecting water and it are mentioned as a way to deal with shortage and limitation of water resources leading to the rural development of the region. The information in the ponds water treatment management are determinative in indicating the amount of disinfectant and the method of filtration.
The above mentioned ponds are called Hutek and are also known as Huteg in Balochi language in Balochistan region. A Hutek is a large artificial or natural pit to store rainwater and is a traditional system for controlling and exploiting floods and is a conventional means of water supply. The volume of the Hutek tank is usually between 10 to 20 thousand cubic meters and it is fed through the gate or water supply canal only by floods. Unfortunately, the source of water supply for many people in the southern villages of Sistan and Baluchestan, who are facing water shortages, are these Huteks and water holes made by the rain.